Confrontation of such sentiments is overcome by recognizing the benefits of reform.

Confrontation of such sentiments is overcome by recognizing the benefits of reform.

Confrontation of such sentiments is overcome by recognizing the benefits of reform.

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Socio-political transformations: determining the impact of political leadership. Abstract

Analysis of political leadership in socio-political transformations requires not only the study of its formation as an important socio-political institution, but also consideration of existing mechanisms for the leader to exercise his powers through political leadership. The actual manifestation of the actions of political leaders cannot be explained otherwise

Socio-political transformations have many important components. Among them, a special place belongs to political leadership. The latter not only becomes (under certain conditions) a political institution, but also acts as a kind of mechanism, the action of which determines the features and dynamics of social change. Consideration of these processes is offered in this article.

For a long time, the political life of Ukraine has been determined by the opposition of two leading political forces. Manifestations of this trend can be seen in the fact that along with the understanding of the inevitability of reforming Ukrainian society, there is constant opposition to its consistent implementation. Confrontation of such sentiments is overcome by recognizing the benefits of reform. However, disputes over the pace of reforms and the extent to which it is useful to remain committed to former authorities and symbols continue. Finding an answer to the question of the conditions under which this extremely complex process takes place is of great scientific and social importance.

At the heart of the reproduction of any political phenomena are the procedural mechanisms of society and institutional change. This approach to modifications of subject-object political action explains the existence of constant changes in political life. Their gradual accumulation is recorded in the socio-political experience. The facts that reflect political life need to be understood primarily because a person can not be outside the realities of his daily life [1].

Among other factors, political leadership is considered to be one of the determining factors in political and social life, which is associated with the functioning of government. The change of individuals in power (politics) is accompanied by the constant reproduction of its "technical" mechanisms, universal laws, means and methods – methods of advancing the ranks of the political hierarchy, nomination of political leaders, recruitment, political struggle, patterns of purpose, structure of political process, policy and economics, morality and other manifestations of real life [2].

Under these conditions, political activity is a qualitatively special system that makes its own demands on all elements and components that are part of it, modifies and transforms them according to its specifics [3].

We view political activity as a socially organized policy behavior that people pursue to meet their practical needs. Political activity is culturally mediated and historically developed, carried out in accordance with special behavioral norms; rewarded with different levels of prestige, prosperity, privileges, rights and opportunities; intended for certain members (groups) of the population; controlled by the relevant members (groups) of the population; structured with other activities in the required division of labor. This social organization determines its specific (socio-political-cultural) nature.

People’s activities not only organize complex socio-political institutions and systems, but also constantly transform them. Political leadership is carried out within the framework of political relations and the political system of society, it is associated with both state and other institutions (primarily political) – parties, movements, and so on.

Their impact can be explained by the fact that the majority of citizens understand democratization (apart from free will in elections) as the satisfaction of equal rights to four basic benefits: reasonable income, access topic for a narrative essay to education, adequate health care and security and safety. The way to achieve democratization, which is understood in such a way that everyone can truly receive such benefits, is to create an appropriate system of distribution of public resources, which is significantly different from what we have today. This is the main content of the confrontation in the political process and makes attractive the planned new contours of the political social structure.

Analysis of recent research and publications shows that socio-political transformations are the subject of study in the context of modernization of Ukrainian society not only as a result of theory, but also the emergence, reproduction and extinction of social movements (national, political, religious , economic, etc.), technological and scientific -educational breakthroughs. This is exactly the aspect presented by Professor M. Mykhalchenko. He develops a socio-historical methodological approach that provides new opportunities for considering the socio-historical dimension of Ukraine as an object of knowledge.

According to the scientist, in order to understand the world trends of social development, theoretically substantiate the path of Ukraine in the XXI century, scientists and politicians, as they say, must overcome the "devastation" in their heads, and then work moderately and methodically to theoretically and methodologically support the practice of social transformation. ". At the same time," Western social science, having lost its main adversary – Marxism-Leninism and Bolshevism as a practice of realizing the Marxist social ideal – also found itself in crisis. "

In a number of theoretical and practical conclusions, considering the processes of Ukrainian modernization, M. Mikhalchenko rightly emphasizes that in many respects it is "not understood and presented as a program for implementing the strategy of reproduction and development of man – person and citizen, as real humanism. " He states that "Ukraine has not yet conducted a serious analysis of qualitative characteristics and quantitative indicators of human potential – elites and the majority of the population (productive and unproductive)" [4]. This condition remains unchanged today.

The combination of philosophical, historical, sociological and political analysis can be characterized as a research experience of Ukrainian society of modern times. The results of new approaches to understanding the Ukrainian reality and its sources are presented in the collective monograph "Ukrainian Society".

The authors substantiate the specifics of the analysis on the problem of distinguishing the stages of formation and defining their criteria in the conceptual series: "capitalism" "communism" "state capitalism" "industrialism" "advanced industrialism" "post-industrialism" "modernism "" late modernity "post". The latter is presented as "an era in the process of fundamental incompleteness of its qualities, the state of development of multiculturalism as an opposition to European culture" [5].

Recently, researchers have tended to believe that politics is an integral part of human culture [6]. Such an understanding returns political efforts on the path of social transformation from ideological constructions to the real world, accessible for understanding in everyday life. The process of democratization is intensifying with the growing distrust of totalitarian power discourses, which are primarily produced by the state, as well as the intensification of identity search for personal development and success. After the phase of sacralization of "big" politics "interesting" "profitable", etc.), which have a rather symbolic and aesthetic justification "[7].

At this intersection, in the pursuit of deceptive and illusory values, man is unable to develop the right guidelines for himself and becomes the object of manipulation, including political. The political world is characterized by the fact that in it "the discovery of the days of the future cannot take place today, because the future itself must be created. The future is not given by the present, even if it is determined by the past " [8]. This becomes especially noticeable in retrospective consideration of Ukrainian political life [9].

The content of socio-political development is always connected with human activity. In Soviet times, its consideration was limited to covering the process of "implementation" of decisions of political and state authorities by labor collectives, broad sections of workers.